Conference paper

FIEDOR Tomáš, HOLÍK Lukáš, ROGALEWICZ Adam, SINN Moritz, VOJNAR Tomáš and ZULEGER Florian. From Shapes to Amortized Complexity. In: Proceedings of VMCAI'18. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2018, pp. 205-225. ISBN 978-3-319-73720-1. ISSN 0302-9743. Available from:
Publication language:english
Original title:From Shapes to Amortized Complexity
Title (cs):Od Tvarů K Amortizované Složitosti
Proceedings:Proceedings of VMCAI'18
Conference:International Conference on Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation (VMCAI 2018)/Symposium on Principles of Programming Languages (POPL 2018)
Series:Lecture Notes in Computer Science 10145
Place:Heidelberg, DE
Journal:Lecture Notes in Computer Science, No. 10747, DE
Publisher:Springer Verlag
program analysis, shape analysis, forest automata, tree automata, resource bounds analysis, amortized complexity
We propose a new method for the automated resource bound analysis
of programs manipulating dynamic data structures built on top of an underlying shape and resource bound analysis. Our approach first constructs an integer abstraction for the input program using information gathered by a shape analyser; then a resource bound analyzer is run on the resulting integer program. The integer abstraction is based on shape norms-numerical measures on dynamic data structures (e.g., the length of a linked list). In comparison to related approaches, we consider a larger class of shape norms which we derive by a lightweight program analysis. The analysis identifies paths through the involved dynamic data structures, and filters the norms which are unlikely to be useful for the later bound analysis. We present a calculus for deriving the numeric changes of the
shape norms, thereby generating the integer program. Our calculus encapsulates the minimal information which is required from the shape analysis. We have implemented our approach on top of the Forester shape analyser and evaluated it on a number of programs manipulating various list and tree structures using the Loopus tool as the underlying bounds analyser. We report on programs with complex data structures and/or using complex algorithms that could not be analysed in a fully automated and precise way before.
   author = {Tom{\'{a}}{\v{s}} Fiedor and Luk{\'{a}}{\v{s}}
	Hol{\'{i}}k and Adam Rogalewicz and Moritz Sinn
	and Tom{\'{a}}{\v{s}} Vojnar and Florian Zuleger},
   title = {From Shapes to Amortized Complexity},
   pages = {205--225},
   booktitle = {Proceedings of VMCAI'18},
   series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science 10145},
   journal = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
 number = 10747,
   year = 2018,
   location = {Heidelberg, DE},
   publisher = {Springer Verlag},
   ISBN = {978-3-319-73720-1},
   ISSN = {0302-9743},
   doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-73721-8_10},
   language = {english},
   url = {}

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