Title:

Optics

Code:OPD
Ac.Year:2012/2013
Term:Winter
Curriculums:
ProgrammeBranchYearDuty
CSE-PHD-4DVI4-Elective
Language:Czech
Completion:examination (written&verbal)
Type of
instruction:
Hour/semLecturesSem. ExercisesLab. exercisesComp. exercisesOther
Hours:3900013
 ExaminationTestsExercisesLaboratoriesOther
Points:1000000
Guarantee:Hruška Pavel, doc. RNDr., CSc., DPHYS
Lecturer:Hruška Pavel, doc. RNDr., CSc., DPHYS
Faculty:Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication BUT
Department:Department of Physics FEEC BUT
 
Learning objectives:
  The goal of the course is to get the students acquainted with principles of physical optics needed for computer graphics and with aspects of modern optics.
Description:
  Electromagnetic waves and light. Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric and metallic surfaces. Koherence, interference from thin films. Diffraction by 2D and 3D structures. Holography. Transmission of light through media. Dispersion. Absorption. Thermal radiation. Energy and light quantities. Image-forming systems. Analytical ray tracing, matrix concept. Errors in image forming. Anisotropic medium, double refraction. Photon. Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Lasers. Luminiscence, phosphors, fluorescence, phosphorescence. Scattering of light, Rayleygh's scattering. Atmosphere ionization, the Aurora. Gas discharge.
Learning outcomes and competences:
  Students will learn theory of physical optics needed for computer graphics and general overview of other parts of optics.
Syllabus of lectures:
 
  • Electromagnetic waves and light.
  • Light at the interface of two media, Fresnel's equations. Reflection at dielectric and metallic surfaces, linear and elliptical polarization. Polarizers.
  • Coherence. Interference from thin films. Interference filters. The Fabry-Perot interferometer.
  • Diffraction by edges, slits, gratings and 2D and 3D structures. Holography.
  • Transmission of light through media. Dispersion, spectrometers, rainbow. Absorption.
  • Thermal radiation. Energy and light quantities. Receptors, human eye. Spectral sensitivity of receptors. Filters and color dividers.
  • Elements of image-forming systems. Mirrors, prisms, lenses. The microscope, the telescope. The Fermat principle.
  • Analytical ray tracing. Matrix concept. Aperture and field stops. Magnification, resolving power. Errors in image forming. Notes on fiber optics.
  • Anisotropic medium, double refraction. Magneto-optic and electro-optic effects. Photoelasticity. Dichroism.
  • Physical statistics. Photon. Stimulated and spontaneous emission. Inversion population. Lasers.
  • The essentials of luminiscence, phosphors, fluorescence, phosphorescence.
  • Scattering of light. Rayleigh's scattering. Luminous ionization in gases, the Aurora.
  • Gaseous and atmospheric discharge.
Syllabus - others, projects and individual work of students:
 
  • Individually assigned projects.
Fundamental literature:
 
  • Hecht E.: Optics, Addison-Wesley, London 2002, ISBN 0-321-18878-0
  • Goodman J. W.: Introduction to Fourier Optics, Roberts publishers, USA 2005, ISBN 0-9747077-2-4
  • Saleh B. E. A., Teich M. C,: Fundamentals of Photonics 2nd ed., Wiley, New York 2007, ISBN 0-471-83965-5
  • Smith F. G., King. T. A.:Optics and Photonics, Wiley, Chichester UK 2000, ISBN 0-471-48925-5
  • Schroeder G.: Technická optika, SNTL, Praha, ČR, 1981
Study literature:
 
  • Hruška P.: Lecture 2012 notes 
  • Malý P.: Optika, Karolinum 2008, ISBN 978-80-246-1342-0