Programming Apple Devices
|Language of Instruction:||Czech|
|Guarantor:||Hrubý Martin, Ing., Ph.D. (DITS)|
|Deputy guarantor:||Smrčka Aleš, Ing., Ph.D. (DITS)|
|Lecturer:||Hrubý Martin, Ing., Ph.D. (DITS)|
|Instructor:||Hrubý Martin, Ing., Ph.D. (DITS)|
|Faculty:||Faculty of Information Technology BUT|
|Department:||Department of Intelligent Systems FIT BUT|
| || ||The course is focused to give a very deep insight to concepts of programming of Apple devices, i. e. personal computers with MacOS operating system and mobile devices (phones, tables, watches) based on iOS. Moreover, the course studies the architecture of software libraries and programming concepts which could be an inspiration in overall programming practice, no matter what platform, operating system or language is employed. Finally, the course teaches programming in Swift language. |
| || ||Apple's software is a comprehensive system of traditional libraries, application paradigms and a wide range of skills. Its long-term fundamentals remain stable in the last decades. The course will analyse major architectural elements of Apple application software, discuss thoroughly the meaning and application of its components and compare them with alternatives in other systems. The opening lectures will present Objective-C and Swift languages and their context among modern and historical programming languages. Then we will further establish the concept of application architecture based on the paradigms of Model-View-Controller and Key-Value Observing, demonstrated primarily on the iOS platform. The core of the lectures will include chapters on the design of multithreaded applications (GCD) and their connecting to internal (sqlite3, CoreData) and external database systems (CloudKit, DropBox). The final lecture will discuss the specifics of desktop applications (MacOS) and consumer electronics (TVOS, watchOS). The course also brings a set of practical seminars of programming in Swift.||Why is the course taught:|
| || ||Computers, devices and software made by Apple play a significant role in the current IT world. The course emphasises programming for iOS, however, we mention also desktop based macOS and consumer-oriented platforms like tvOS and watchOS.|
|Syllabus of lectures:|
- Introduction. Historical backgrounds of Apple in the context of other computer companies.
- Objective-C in the context of C/C++ and Smalltalk. Dynamic memory allocation, object referencing and garbage collecting.
- Intruction to Swift programming language. Basic libraries with collections and algorithms (Foundation).
- Model-View-Controller (MVC) paradigm for developing event driven applications. Basic Controllers (Table, TabBar, Master-Detail).
- Development of user applications for mobile devices. Elements of User Interface (Cocoa Touch library).
- Programming of multithreaded applications. Concepts of threads management (GCD). Applications main control. Asynchronous calls. Modelling of multithreaded applications.
- Data encoding in applications. Creating structured documents. Synchronization of documents. Inter-application message passing (Key-Value Observing, KVO).
- Architecture of object data storage (CoreData). Synchronous connection of the database and application control via KVO.
- Multiuser applications with a central database (CloudKit). Asynchronous connection of the database and application control via GCD.
- Application life cycle in the context of operation system. User configurations. Runtime memory optimizations.
- Simulation kernel for games development (SpriteKit, SceneKit). Modelling of the physical environment and mechanics.
- Desktop applications architecture. Runtime interconnection of a mobile and desktop application.
- Applications development for tvOS and watchOS.
|Syllabus of numerical exercises:|
- Programming in Swift. Using XCode IDE.
- Foundation library in examples. Data collections and basic algorithms.
- Application for iOS. Implementing DataSource and Delegate objects.
- Multithreaded applications. Message passing within the application. Key-Value Observing. Documents.
- Application based on CoreData.
- Application based on CloudKit.
| || ||Individual project and final exam. The final exam has two alternativies. |
The minimal number of points which can be obtained from the final exam is 25. Otherwise, no points will be assigned to a student.