The C Programming Language

Ac.Year:ukončen 2004/2005
Completion:examination (written)
Type of
Hour/semLecturesSem. ExercisesLab. exercisesComp. exercisesOther
Guarantee:Peringer Petr, Dr. Ing., DITS
Lecturer:Peringer Petr, Dr. Ing., DITS
Instructor:Vojnar Tomáš, prof. Ing., Ph.D., DITS
Faculty:Faculty of Information Technology BUT
Department:Department of Intelligent Systems FIT BUT
Principles of Compiler Design (ZAP), DIFS
Learning objectives:
  The goal is to introduce students to ISO C programming language and programming techniques in C.
  The C programming language as defined by ISO. The definition of C language, pointers, modularity, C standard library. Basic overview of C++, using the C++ standard library.
Learning outcomes and competences:
  Basic knowledge of C programming language, including pointers, address arithmetic, and dynamic memory allocation/deallocation. Modular programming in C.
Syllabus of lectures:
  • Introduction. Overview of C language (K&R, ANSI C, ISO C90, ISO C99). Basic language constructs, examples of C programs.
  • Definition of C language: lexical elements, declaration syntax, basic types, variables.
  • Arrays, address space, address, pointer. Pointers and arrays, address arithmetic. Alignment, little/big endian. Dynamic memory allocation.
  • C-strings, multi-dimensional arrays, structures, unions.
  • Enumerations. Expressions, operators, type casting, operator precedence. Statements.
  • Functions, argument passing. Pointers to functions. Command line arguments. The C preprocessor: macros, conditional compilation.
  • Program structure, compilation units. Linking. Program "make".
  • The C standard library. Debugging support, character classification, internationalization. Input/output, files.
  • The examples of standard library use. String and memory management. Time functions. Math library, complex library.
  • The creation of libraries. Development environments. Program checking tools. Programm documentation tools.
  • C++ basics, typical differences of C and C++. New operators of C++, overloading basics, namespaces.
  • Input/output in C++, streams. Basic use of C++ standard library (containers, iterators, algorithms, strings).
  • Linking of code written in various languages. Profiling and program optimization. Rules for writing portable code.
Syllabus - others, projects and individual work of students:
  1. 2 assignments, each with 3 programs in C
Fundamental literature:
  • Kerninghan, B.; Ritchie, D.: The C Programming Language, 2nd edition, Addison-Wesley, 1989
  • Stroustrup, B.: The C++ programming language, third edition, Addison-Wesley, 1997
  • Eckel, B.: Thinking in C++, 2nd edition, Prentice-Hall, 2000
  • Booch, G.: Object-Oriented Design with applications, 2nd edition, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company 1994
  • ISO: Programming languages - C, WG14/N869 Committee Draft, 1999
  • ISO: Programming languages - C++, International Standard ISO/IEC 14882, 1988
Study literature:
  • Herout, P.: Učebnice jazyka C, 3. vydání, Kopp, 1998
  • Eckel, B.: Thinking in C++, 2nd edition, Prentice-Hall, 2000 [available on WWW]
  • Slides available on WWW
Progress assessment: